Amyris
AMYRIS, INC. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/11/2011 14:45:27)
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended  June 30, 2011
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from              to             
Commission File Number: 001-34885
 
AMYRIS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)  
Delaware
 
55-0856151
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Amyris, Inc.
5885 Hollis Street, Suite 100
Emeryville, CA 94608
(510) 450-0761
(Address and telephone number of principal executive offices)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuance to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   ¨     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer.
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
x
Smaller reporting company
¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
Outstanding at July 29, 2011
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share
44,970,724 shares


AMYRIS, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2011

INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
PART II: OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 




PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION


Amyris, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
152,169

 
$
143,060

Short-term investments
34,801

 
114,873

Accounts receivable
5,967

 
5,215

Inventories
6,874

 
4,006

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
5,207

 
2,905

Total current assets
205,018

 
270,059

Property and equipment, net
92,618

 
54,847

Other assets
27,025

 
32,547

Total assets
$
324,661

 
$
357,453

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
12,236

 
$
7,116

Deferred revenue
591

 
565

Accrued and other current liabilities
30,340

 
14,795

Capital lease obligation, current portion
2,992

 
2,854

Debt, current portion
2,325

 
1,911

Total current liabilities
48,484

 
27,241

Capital lease obligation, net of current portion
1,567

 
3,091

Long-term debt, net of current portion
10,418

 
4,734

Deferred rent, net of current portion
10,624

 
11,186

Deferred revenue, net of current portion
847

 
1,130

Other liabilities
2,185

 
2,523

Total liabilities
74,125

 
49,905

Commitments and contingencies (Note 5)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock - $0.0001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding.

 

Common stock - $0.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010; 44,894,094 shares and 43,847,425 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.
5

 
4

Additional paid-in capital
523,275

 
506,988

Accumulated other comprehensive income
5,191

 
2,872

Accumulated deficit
(278,070
)
 
(202,318
)
Total Amyris, Inc. stockholders’ equity
250,401

 
307,546

Noncontrolling interest
135

 
2

Total equity
250,536

 
307,548

Total liabilities and equity
$
324,661

 
$
357,453

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



Amyris, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales
$
27,816

 
$
10,028

 
$
61,836

 
$
19,982

Grants and collaborations revenue
4,186

 
2,674

 
7,340

 
6,375

Total revenues
32,002

 
12,702

 
69,176

 
26,357

Cost and operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of product sales
29,136

 
10,129

 
63,518

 
20,132

Research and development
23,446

 
12,413

 
43,181

 
23,591

Sales, general and administrative
22,249

 
9,686

 
38,227

 
18,902

Total cost and operating expenses
74,831

 
32,228

 
144,926

 
62,625

Loss from operations
(42,829
)
 
(19,526
)
 
(75,750
)
 
(36,268
)
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
341

 
286

 
641

 
562

Interest expense
(304
)
 
(376
)
 
(881
)
 
(760
)
Other expense, net
(201
)
 
(575
)
 
(150
)
 
(60
)
Total other expense
(164
)
 
(665
)
 
(390
)
 
(258
)
Loss before income taxes
$
(42,993
)
 
$
(20,191
)
 
$
(76,140
)
 
$
(36,526
)
Benefit from income taxes
175




175



Net loss
$
(42,818
)
 
$
(20,191
)
 
$
(75,965
)
 
$
(36,526
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
203


247


213


430

Net loss attributable to Amyris, Inc. common stockholders
$
(42,615
)
 
$
(19,944
)
 
$
(75,752
)
 
$
(36,096
)
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted
$
(0.95
)
 
$
(3.94
)
 
$
(1.71
)
 
$
(7.17
)
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding used in computing net loss per share of common stock, basic and diluted
44,626,721


5,056,914


44,239,104


5,034,163

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



Amyris, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
(In Thousands, Except Share Amounts)
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2010
43,847,425

 
$
4

 
$
506,988

 
$
(202,318
)
 
$
2,872

 
$
2

 
$
307,548

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options, net of restricted stock
964,714

 
1

 
4,324

 

 

 

 
4,325

Issuance of common stock upon net exercise of warrants
77,087

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares issued from restricted stock unit settlement
6,005

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase of common stock
(1,137
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 
11,963

 

 

 

 
11,963

Fair value of assets and liabilities assigned to noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 
346

 
346

Components of other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized loss on investments

 

 

 

 
(5
)
 

 
(5
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax

 

 

 

 
2,324

 

 
2,324

Net loss

 

 

 
(75,752
)
 

 
(213
)
 
(75,965
)
Total comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(73,646
)
June 30, 2011
44,894,094

 
$
5

 
$
523,275

 
$
(278,070
)
 
$
5,191

 
$
135

 
$
250,536

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5



Amyris, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In Thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(75,965
)
 
$
(36,526
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Convertible preferred stock warrants

 
33

Depreciation and amortization
4,831

 
3,421

Inventory write-down to net realizable value
1,073

 

Loss on the sale of investments

 
(1
)
Stock-based compensation
11,963

 
4,302

Amortization of premium on investments
630

 
378

Change in fair value of convertible preferred stock warrant liability

 
34

Other noncash expenses
(102
)
 
40

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

Accounts receivable
(752
)
 
(1,710
)
Inventories
(3,912
)
 
(430
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(187
)
 
(1,266
)
Accounts payable
6,053

 
735

Restructuring

 
(359
)
Accrued and other long-term liabilities
9,249

 
1,440

Deferred revenue
(256
)
 
1,599

Deferred rent
(469
)
 
(275
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(47,844
)
 
(28,585
)
Investing activities
 
 
 
Purchase of short-term investments
(16,590
)
 
(81,429
)
Maturities of short-term investments
97,000

 
18,061

Sales of short-term investments

 
15,708

Purchase of long-term investments

 
(7,995
)
Change in restricted cash

 
(14
)
Acquisition of cash in noncontrolling interest
344

 

Purchase of property and equipment, net of disposals
(30,431
)
 
(4,608
)
Deposits on property and equipment
(48
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
50,275

 
(60,277
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of convertible preferred stock, net of issuance costs

 
184,616

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of repurchases
4,284

 
70

Proceeds from equipment financing

 
1,446

Principal payments on capital leases
(1,387
)
 
(1,258
)
Proceeds from debt
7,653

 

Principal payments on debt
(3,660
)
 
(8,498
)
Initial public offering costs
(496
)
 
(1,446
)
Proceeds from sale of noncontrolling interest

 
7,069

Net cash provided by financing activities
6,394

 
181,999

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
284

 
(83
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
9,109

 
93,054

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
143,060

 
19,188

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
152,169

 
$
112,242

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6




Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—(Continued)
(In Thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
835

 
$
760

Supplemental disclosures of noncash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property and equipment under notes payable
$

 
$
211

Acquisitions of assets under accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
6,190

 
$
529

Financing of insurance premium under notes payable
$

 
$
101

Change in unrealized gain (loss) on investments
$
(5
)
 
$
(3
)
Change in unrealized gain (loss) on foreign currency
$
(2,100
)
 
$

Warrants issued in connection with the issuance of convertible preferred stock
$

 
$
507

Accrued deferred offering costs
$

 
$
1,546

Accrued Series D preferred stock issuance costs
$

 
$
258

Financing of rent payments under notes payable
$

 
$
239

Deferred charge asset related to issuance of Series D preferred stock
$

 
$
27,909

Receivable from stock option exercises
$
17

 
$

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants
$
3,554

 
$

See the accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7



Amyris, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

1. The Company

Amyris, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in California on July 17, 2003 and reincorporated in Delaware on June 10, 2010 for the purpose of leveraging breakthroughs in synthetic biology to develop and provide renewable compounds for a variety of markets. The Company is currently building and applying its industrial synthetic biology platform to provide alternatives to select petroleum-sourced products used in specialty chemical and transportation fuel markets worldwide. The Company’s first commercialization efforts have been focused on a molecule called farnesene, which forms the basis for a wide range of products varying from specialty chemical applications to transportation fuels, such as diesel. While the Company’s platform is able to use a wide variety of feedstocks, the Company has focused initially on Brazilian sugarcane. The Company intends to secure access to this feedstock and to expand its production capacity by working with existing sugar and ethanol mill owners to build new, adjacent bolt-on facilities at their existing mills in return for a share of the higher gross margin the Company believes it will realize from the sale of its renewable products. In addition, the Company has entered into various contract manufacturing agreements to support commercial production. The Company has established two principal operating subsidiaries, Amyris Brasil Ltda. (formerly Amyris Brasil S.A., “Amyris Brasil”) for production in Brazil, and Amyris Fuels, LLC for fuel distribution capabilities in the U.S.

On June 21, 2010, the name of the Company was changed from Amyris Biotechnologies, Inc. to Amyris, Inc.

On September 30, 2010, the Company closed its initial public offering (“IPO”) of 5,300,000 shares of common stock at an offering price of $16.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $73.7 million, after deducting underwriting discounts of $5.9 million and offering costs of $5.2 million and in October 2010, the Company subsequently sold an additional 795,000 shares to the underwriters pursuant to the over-allotment option raising an additional $11.8 million of net proceeds. Upon the closing of the IPO, the Company’s outstanding shares of convertible preferred stock were automatically converted into 31,550,277 shares of common stock and the outstanding convertible preferred stock warrants were automatically converted into common stock warrants to purchase a total of 195,604 shares of common stock and shares of Amyris Brasil held by third party investors were automatically converted into 861,155 shares of the Company’s common stock.


2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Regulations S-X statements. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required for complete financial statements. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 14, 2011. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Principles of Consolidations

The Company has interests in joint venture entities that are variable interest entities (“VIEs”). Determining whether to consolidate a variable interest entity may require judgment in assessing (1) whether an entity is a VIE and (2) if the Company is the entity’s primary beneficiary and thus required to consolidate the entity. To determine if the Company is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, the Company evaluates whether it has (1) the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and (2) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. The Company’s evaluation includes identification of significant activities and an assessment of its ability to direct those activities based on governance provisions and arrangements to provide or receive product and process technology, product supply, operations services, equity funding and financing and other applicable agreements and circumstances. The Company’s assessment of whether it is the primary beneficiary of its VIEs requires significant assumptions and judgment.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Amyris, Inc., its subsidiaries and two consolidated VIEs with respect to which the Company is considered the primary beneficiary, after elimination of intercompany accounts and transactions. Disclosure regarding the Company’s participation in the VIE is included in Note 8.


8

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Use of Estimates

In preparing the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, management must make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures are unaudited, have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations for the periods presented. The condensed consolidated results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year or for any other future year or interim period.

Concentration of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable and derivatives commodity financial instruments. The Company places its cash equivalents and investments with high credit quality financial institutions and, by policy, limits the amount of credit exposure with any one financial institution. Deposits held with banks may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits. The Company has not experienced any losses on its deposits of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments.

The Company’s accounts receivable are primarily derived from customers located in the United States. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluation of its customers, does not require collateral, and maintains allowances for potential credit losses on customer accounts when deemed necessary. To date, there have been no such losses and the Company has not recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts.

Customers representing greater than 10% of accounts receivable were as follows (in percentages):
Customers
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
 
 
 
 
Customer A
15

 
*

Customer B
13

 
**

Customer C
12

 
28

Customer D
**

 
36

 _____________________
*     No outstanding balance
**    Less than 10%

Customers representing greater than 10% of revenues were as follows (in percentages):
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
Customers
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Customer A
15
  
*
 
24
 
*
Customer B
*
 
26
 
*
 
30
Customer C
13
  
**
 
**
 
**
Customer D
**
  
21
 
**
 
19
 ___________________
*    Not a customer
* *    Less than 10%


The Company is exposed to counterparty credit risk on all of its derivative commodity instruments. The Company has established and maintains strict counterparty credit guidelines and enters into agreements only with counterparties that are investment grade or better. The Company does not require collateral under these agreements.

9

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

 
Fair Value of Financial Instrument

The Company measures certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Financial instruments are primarily comprised of money market funds, commercial paper, and U.S. government agency securities. Where available, fair value is based on or derived from observable market prices or other observable inputs. Where observable prices or inputs are not available, valuation models are applied. These valuation techniques involve some level of management estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on the price transparency for the instruments or market and the instruments’ complexity.

The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, approximate fair value due to their relatively short maturities, and low market interest rates if applicable. Based on the borrowing rates currently available to the Company for debt with similar terms, and after considering nonperformance and credit risk, the carrying value of the notes payable and credit facility approximates its fair value.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

All highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity date of three months or less at the date of purchase are considered to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consist of money market funds, commercial paper, U.S. Government agency securities and various deposit accounts.

Investments

Investments with original maturities greater than 90 days that mature less than one year from the consolidated balance sheet date are classified as short-term investments. The Company classifies investments as short-term or long-term based upon whether such assets are reasonably expected to be realized in cash or sold or consumed during the normal cycle of business. The Company invests its excess cash balances primarily in short-term investment grade commercial paper and corporate bonds, U.S. Government agency securities and notes, and auction rate securities (“ARS”). The Company classifies all of its investments, other than ARS, as available-for-sale and records such assets at estimated fair value in the consolidated balance sheets, with unrealized gains and losses, if any, reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders' equity (deficit). Debt securities are adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts and such amortization and accretion are reported as a component of interest income. Realized gains and losses and declines in value that are considered to be other than temporary are recognized in the statements of operations. The cost of securities sold is determined on the specific identification method. There were no significant realized gains or losses from sales of debt securities during the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company did not have any other-than-temporary declines in the fair value of its debt securities.
The Company classified the ARS as trading securities and recorded all changes in fair value as component of other income (expense), net. The underlying securities had stated or contractual maturities that were generally greater than one year. The Company estimated the fair value of the ARS using a discounted cash flow model incorporating assumptions that market participants would use in their estimates of fair value. The Company had a put option to sell its ARS at par value. The Company accounted for the put option as a freestanding financial instrument and elected to record it at fair value with changes in fair value recorded as a component of other income (expense), net. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company did not hold any ARS due to the liquidation of ARS during the second and third quarters of 2010.

Inventories

Inventories, which consist of ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline and farnesene derived products, are stated at the lower of cost or market and categorized as finished goods, work-in-process or raw material inventories. Cost is computed on a first-in, first-out basis. Inventory costs include transportation costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its existing location.


10

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Derivative Instruments
The Company is exposed to market risks related to price volatility of ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline. The Company makes limited use of derivative instruments, which include futures positions on the New York Mercantile Exchange and the CME/Chicago Board of Trade. The Company does not engage in speculative derivative activities, and the purpose for its activity in derivative commodity instruments is to manage the financial risk posed by physical transactions and inventory. Changes in the fair value of the derivative contracts are recognized currently in the consolidated statements of operations as specific hedge accounting criteria are not met.
 
Asset Retirement Obligations
The fair value of an asset retirement obligation is recognized in the period in which it is incurred if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made. In addition, asset retirement cost is added to the carrying amount of the associated asset and this additional carrying amount is amortized over the life of the asset. The Company’s asset retirement obligations are associated with its commitment to return property subject to an operating lease in Brazil to its original condition upon lease termination.

As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company recorded asset retirement obligations of $1.1 million and $984,000, respectively. The related leasehold improvements are being amortized to depreciation expense over the term of the lease or the useful life of the assets, whichever is shorter. Related amortization expense was $87,000 and $31,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $132,000 and $102,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

The change in the asset retirement obligation is summarized below (in thousands):
Balance at December 31, 2010
$
984

Foreign currency impacts
68

Accretion expenses recorded during the period
74

Balance at June 30, 2011
$
1,126


Property and Equipment, net

Property and equipment, net are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred, and improvements and betterments are capitalized. When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the balance sheet and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations in the period realized.

Depreciation and amortization periods for the Company’s property and equipment are as follows:
 
Machinery and equipment
4 -10 years
Computers and software
3-5 years
Furniture and office equipment
5 years
Vehicles
5 years
Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the lease, or the useful life of the assets, whichever is shorter.
Computers and software includes internal-use software that is acquired, internally developed or modified to meet the Company's internal needs. Amortization commences when the software is ready for its intended use and the amortization period is the estimated useful life of the software, generally three to five years. Capitalized costs primarily include contract labor and payroll costs of the individuals dedicated to the development of internal-use software. Capitalized software additions totaled approximately $1.0 million and $0.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, related to software development costs pertaining to the installation of a new financial reporting system. For the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, $204,000 and $119,000, respectively, of amortization expense was recorded and the total unamortized cost of capitalized software was $2.9 million and $2.1 million, respectively, as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.


11

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Long-lived assets to be held and used are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable, or the estimated useful life is no longer appropriate. If indicators of impairment exist and the undiscounted projected cash flows associated with such assets are less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recorded to write the asset down to their estimated fair values. Fair value is estimated based on discounted future cash flows. There were zero impairment charges recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

Noncontrolling Interest and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

As of January 1, 2009, the Company adopted the new accounting standard which establishes accounting and reporting standards for noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statements. These provisions require that the carrying value of noncontrolling interests to be removed from the mezzanine equity section of the consolidated balance sheets and reclassified as equity, and that consolidated net income be recast to include net income attributable to the noncontrolling interests. The standard requires retrospective presentation and disclosure of existing noncontrolling interests. Accordingly, the Company presented noncontrolling interests as a separate component of equity (deficit) and has also presented net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest in the consolidated statements of operations. Upon adoption, the noncontrolling interest of $1.1 million was reclassified to a component of total equity (deficit) in the consolidated balance sheets from the mezzanine equity section.

In accordance with accounting and reporting standards for redeemable equity instruments, a noncontrolling interest with redemption features (“redeemable noncontrolling interest”), such as a put option, that is not solely within the control of the Company, is required to be reported in the mezzanine equity section of the consolidated balance sheets.

Changes in noncontrolling interest ownership that do not result in a change of control and where there is a difference between fair value and carrying value are accounted for as equity transactions.

On April 14, 2010, the Company entered into a joint venture with Usina São Martinho. The carrying value of the noncontrolling interest from this joint venture is recorded in the equity section of the consolidated balance sheets (see Note 8).

On January 3, 2011, the Company entered into a production service agreement with Glycotech, Inc. ("Glycotech"). The Company has determined that the arrangement with Glycotech qualifies as a VIE. The Company determined that it is the primary beneficiary. The carrying value of the noncontrolling interest from this VIE is recorded in the equity section of the consolidated balance sheets (see Note 8).

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline, farnesene derived products, delivery of research and development services, and governmental grants. Revenue is recognized when all of the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.

If sales arrangements contain multiple elements, the Company evaluates whether the components of each arrangement represent separate units of accounting. To date the Company has determined that all revenue arrangements should be accounted for as a single unit of accounting.

Product Sales
The Company sells ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline under short-term agreements at prevailing market prices. Starting in the second quarter of 2011, the Company began to sell farnesene derived products, which is procured from contracted third parties. Ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline sales consists of sales to customers through purchases from third-party suppliers in which the Company takes physical control of the ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline and accepts risk of loss. Revenues are recognized, net of discounts and allowances, once passage of title and risk of loss has occurred and contractually specified acceptance criteria have been met, provided all other revenue recognition criteria have also been met.


12

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Grants and Collaborative Revenue

Revenue from collaborative research services is recognized as the services are performed consistent with the performance requirements of the contract. In cases where the planned levels of research services fluctuate over the research term, the Company recognizes revenue using the proportionate performance method based upon actual efforts to date relative to the amount of expected effort to be incurred by the Company. When up-front payments are received and the planned levels of research services do not fluctuate over the research term, revenue is recorded on a ratable basis over the arrangement term, up to the amount of cash received. When up-front payments are received and the planned levels of research services fluctuate over the research term, revenue is recorded using the proportionate performance method, up to the amount of cash received. Where arrangements include milestones that are determined to be substantive and at risk at the inception of the arrangement, revenue is recognized upon achievement of the milestone and is limited to those amounts whereby collectability is reasonably assured.

Government grants are agreements that generally provide cost reimbursement for certain types of expenditures in return for research and development activities over a contractually defined period. Revenues from government grants are recognized in the period during which the related costs are incurred, provided that the conditions under which the government grants were provided have been met and only perfunctory obligations are outstanding.
 
Cost of Product Sales

Cost of product sales consists primarily of cost of purchased ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline, terminal fees paid for storage and handling, transportation costs between terminals and changes in the fair value of the derivative commodity instruments. Starting in the second quarter of 2011, cost of product sales also includes production costs of farnesene derived products.

Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are recorded as revenues. Shipping costs are included in cost of product revenues. Such charges were not significant in any of the periods presented.

Costs of Start-Up Activities

Start-up activities are defined as those one-time activities related to opening a new facility, introducing a new product or service, conducting business in a new territory, conducting business with a new class of customer or beneficiary, initiating a new process in an existing facility, commencing some new operation or activities related to organizing a new entity All the costs associated with a potential site are expensed and recorded within the selling, general and administrative expenses until the site is considered viable by management, at which time costs would be considered for capitalization based on authoritative accounting literature.

Research and Development

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred and include costs associated with research performed pursuant to collaborative agreements and government grants. Research and development costs consist of direct and indirect internal costs related to specific projects as well as fees paid to other entities that conduct certain research activities on the Company’s behalf.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires, among other things, that deferred income taxes be provided for temporary differences between the tax basis of the Company’s assets and liabilities and their financial statement reported amounts. In addition, deferred tax assets are recorded for the future benefit of utilizing net operating losses and research and development credit carryforwards. A valuation allowance is provided against deferred tax assets unless it is more likely than not that they will be realized.

The Company recognizes and measures uncertain tax positions in accordance with the Income Taxes subtopic 05-6 of ASC 740, which prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for recording uncertain tax positions taken, or expected to be taken in a tax return, in the consolidated financial statements. Additionally, the guidance also prescribes new treatment for the derecognition, classification, accounting in interim periods and disclosure requirements for uncertain tax positions. The Company accrues for the estimated amount of taxes for uncertain tax positions if it is more likely than not that the Company would be required to pay such additional taxes. An uncertain tax position will not be recognized if it has a less than 50% likelihood of being sustained.

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Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)


Currency Translation

The Brazilian real is the functional currency of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary in Brazil and also of the Company’s joint venture with Usina São Martinho. Accordingly, asset and liability accounts of those operations are translated into United States dollars using the current exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and equity accounts are translated into United States dollars using historical rates. The revenues and expenses are translated using the average exchange rates in effect during the period, and gains and losses from foreign currency translation adjustments are included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the consolidated balance sheets.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation arrangements with employees using a fair value method which requires the recognition of compensation expense for costs related to all stock-based payments including stock options. The fair value method requires the Company to estimate the fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option pricing model. The Company uses the Black-Scholes pricing model to estimate the fair value of options granted that are expensed on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. The Company accounts for restricted stock units issued to employees based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock.
 
The Company accounts for stock options issued to nonemployees based on the estimated fair value of the awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company accounts for restricted stock units issued to nonemployees based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock. The measurement of stock-based compensation is subject to periodic adjustments with the resulting change in value, if any, is recognized in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations during the period the related services are rendered.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive income (loss) represents all changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) except those resulting from investments or contributions by stockholders. The Company’s unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities and foreign currency translation adjustments represent the components of comprehensive income (loss) excluded from the Company’s net loss and have been disclosed in the consolidated statements of convertible preferred stock, redeemable noncontrolling interest and equity (deficit) for all periods presented.

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income are as follows (in thousands):
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Foreign currency translation adjustment
$
5,191

 
$
2,867

Accumulated unrealized gain on investment

 
5

Total accumulated other comprehensive income
$
5,191

 
$
2,872


Net Loss Attributable to Common Stockholders and Net Loss per Share

The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings per Share.” Basic net loss per share of common stock is computed by dividing the Company’s net loss attributable to Amyris, Inc. common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share of common stock is computed by giving effect to all potentially dilutive securities, including stock options, restricted stock units, warrants, convertible preferred stock and convertible preferred stock warrants using the treasury stock method or the as converted method, as applicable. Basic and diluted net loss per share of common stock attributable to Amyris, Inc. stockholders was the same for all periods presented as the inclusion of all potentially dilutive securities outstanding was anti-dilutive. As such, the numerator and the denominator used in computing both basic and diluted net loss are the same for each period presented.
 
The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted net loss per share of common stock attributable to Amyris, Inc. common stockholders (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

14

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Amyris, Inc. common stockholders
$
(42,615
)
 
$
(19,944
)
 
$
(75,752
)
 
$
(36,096
)
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding used in computing net loss per share of common stock, basic and diluted
44,626,721


5,056,914


44,239,104


5,034,163

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted
$
(0.95
)
 
$
(3.94
)
 
$
(1.71
)
 
$
(7.17
)

The following outstanding shares of potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share of common stock for the periods presented because including them would have been antidilutive:
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
Convertible preferred stock (as converted basis) 1

 
31,550,277

Period-end stock options to purchase common stock
8,484,868

 
6,275,730

Period-end common stock subject to repurchase
16,402

 
47,695

Convertible preferred stock warrants (as converted basis) 1

 
195,604

Period-end common stock warrants
5,136

 

Period-end restricted stock units
351,334

 
31,568

Total
8,857,740

 
38,100,874

1

The convertible preferred stock and convertible preferred stock warrants were computed on an as converted basis using the conversion ratios in effect as of June 30, 2010.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In October 2009, the FASB issued a new accounting standard that changes the accounting for arrangements with multiple deliverables. Specifically, the new accounting standard requires an entity to allocate arrangement consideration at the inception of an arrangement to all of its deliverables based on their relative selling prices. In addition, the new standard eliminates the use of the residual method of allocation and requires the relative-selling-price method in all circumstances in which an entity recognizes revenue for an arrangement with multiple deliverables. The standard became effective for the Company on January 1, 2011. The adoption of the updated guidance did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and do not change the units of accounting for its revenue transactions. The new accounting standard, if applied to the year ended December 31, 2010, would not have an impact on revenue for that year.
 
In January 2010, the FASB issued an amendment to an accounting standard which requires new disclosures for fair value measures and provides clarification for existing disclosure requirements. Specifically, this amendment requires an entity to disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and to describe the reasons for the transfers; and to disclose separately information about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements in the reconciliation for fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, or Level 3 inputs. The amendment also clarifies existing disclosure requirements for the level of disaggregation used for classes of assets and liabilities measured at fair value and requires disclosure about the valuation techniques and inputs used to measure fair value for both recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements using Level 2 and Level 3 inputs. The updated guidance is effective for interim or annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the disclosures regarding the reconciliation of Level III fair value measurements, which are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2010, the FASB issued an accounting standard update related to revenue recognition under the milestone method. The standard provides guidance on defining a milestone and determining when it may be appropriate to apply the milestone method of revenue recognition for research or development transactions. Research or development arrangements frequently include payment provisions whereby a portion or all of the consideration is contingent upon milestone events such as successful completion of phases in a study or achieving a specific result from the research or development efforts. The amendments in these standards

15

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

provide guidance on the criteria that should be met for determining whether the milestone method of revenue recognition is appropriate. The standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning on or after June 15, 2010, with early adoption permitted, and applies to milestones achieved on or after that time. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In May 2011, the FASB issued an amendment to an accounting standard related to fair value measurement. This amendment is intended to result in convergence between U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) requirements for measurement of and disclosures about fair value. This guidance clarifies the application of existing fair value measurements and disclosures, and changes certain principles or requirements for fair value measurements and disclosures. The amended guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact, if any, this amendment may have on its consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

In June 2011, the FASB issued an amendment to an accounting standard related to the presentation of the Statement of Comprehensive Income. This amendment will require companies to present the components of net income and other comprehensive income either as one continuous statement or as two consecutive statements. It eliminates the option to present components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders' equity. The amended guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011 with full retrospective application required. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this amendment concerns disclosure only and the Company is assessing the impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.



3. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The following tables set forth the Company’s financial instruments that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires management to make judgments and consider factors specific to the asset or liability. As of June 30, 2011 , the Company’s fair value hierarchy for its financial assets and financial liabilities that are carried at fair value was as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Other Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Balance as of
June 30, 2011
Financial Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
137,613

 
$

 
$

 
$
137,613

U.S. Government agency securities

 
8,000

 

 
8,000

Total financial assets
$
137,613

 
$
8,000

 
$

 
$
145,613

Financial Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$
658

 
$

 
$

 
$
658

Total financial liabilities
$
658

 
$

 
$

 
$
658

 
As of December 31, 2010 , the Company’s fair value hierarchy for its financial assets and financial liabilities that are carried at fair value was as follows (in thousands):
 

16

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

 
Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Other Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Balance as of
December 31,
2010
Financial Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
124,228

 
$

 
$

 
$
124,228

U.S. Government agency securities

 
105,635

 

 
105,635

Total financial assets
$
124,228

 
$
105,635

 
$

 
$
229,863

Financial Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$
324

 
$

 
$

 
$
324

Total financial liabilities
$
324

 
$

 
$

 
$
324


Derivative Instruments

The Company utilizes derivative financial instruments to mitigate its exposure to certain market risks associated with its ongoing operations. The primary objective for holding derivative financial instruments is to manage commodity price risk. The Company’s derivative instruments principally include Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) ethanol futures and Reformulated Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (RBOB) gasoline futures. All derivative commodity instruments are recorded at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets. None of the Company’s derivative instruments are designated as a hedging instrument. Changes in the fair value of these non-designated hedging instruments are recognized in cost of product sales in the consolidated statements of operations.

Derivative instruments measured at fair value as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 , and their classification on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and condensed consolidated statements of operations, are presented in the following tables (in thousands) except contract amounts:
 
Asset/Liability as of
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Type of Derivative Contract
Quantity of Net
Short Contracts
 
Fair Value
 
Quantity of
Short Contracts
 
Fair Value
Regulated fixed price futures contracts, included as liability in accounts payable
70

 
$
658

 
92

 
$
324

 
Type of Derivative Contract
Income Statement Classification
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
 
Gain (Losses) Recognized
 
Gain (Losses) Recognized
Regulated fixed price futures contracts
Cost of product sales
 
$
(878
)
 
$
197

 
$
(2,728
)
 
$
844


4. Balance Sheet Components

Investments

The following table summarizes the Company’s investments as of June 30, 2011 (in thousands):
 
June 30, 2011
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized  Gain
(Loss)
 
Fair Value
Short-term investments
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government agency securities
$
8,000

 
$

 
$
8,000

Certificates of Deposit
26,801

 

 
26,801

Total short-term investments
$
34,801

 
$

 
$
34,801


The following table summarizes the Company’s investments as of December 31, 2010 (in thousands):

17

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

 
December 31, 2010
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized  Gain
(Loss)
 
Fair Value
Short-term investments
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government agency securities
$
105,630

 
$
5

 
$
105,635

Certificates of Deposit
9,238

 

 
9,238

Total short-term investments
$
114,868

 
$
5

 
$
114,873


Inventories

Inventories, net is comprised of the following (in thousands):
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Raw materials
$
757

 
$

Work-in-process
155

 

Finished goods
5,962

 
4,006

Inventories, net
$
6,874

 
$
4,006



18

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Property and Equipment, net

Property and equipment, net is comprised of the following (in thousands):
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Leasehold improvements
$
36,939

 
$
29,445

Machinery and equipment
42,119

 
22,115

Computers and software
5,600

 
5,225

Furniture and office equipment
1,780

 
1,486

Vehicles
651

 
493

Construction in progress
26,840

 
12,431

 
113,929

 
71,195

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
(21,311
)
 
(16,348
)
Property and equipment, net
$
92,618

 
$
54,847


Property and equipment includes $9.4 million of machinery and equipment and furniture and office equipment under capital leases as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 . Accumulated amortization of assets under capital leases totaled $4.6 million and $3.8 million as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 , respectively.

Depreciation and amortization expense, including amortization of assets under capital leases, was $2.4 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 , respectively, and was $4.5 million and $3.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 , respectively.

Other Assets

Other assets are comprised of the following (in thousands):
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
 
 
 
 
Deferred charge asset (1)
$
25,213

 
$
27,631

Non-current deposits and other
1,812

 
4,916

Total other assets
$
27,025

 
$
32,547

(1)
The deferred charge asset relates to the collaboration agreement between the Company and Total (see Note 9).

Accrued and Other Current Liabilities

Accrued and other current liabilities are comprised of the following (in thousands):
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Professional services
$
4,509

 
$
3,552

Accrued vacation
2,724

 
1,996

Payroll and related expenses
7,987

 
2,729

Construction in progress
5,513

 
2,227

Tax-related liabilities
1,445

 
1,273

Deferred rent, current portion
1,192

 
1,099

Customer advances
5,241

 

Refundable exercise price on early exercise of stock options
46

 
70

Other
1,683

 
1,849

Total accrued and other current liabilities
$
30,340

 
$
14,795




19

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

5. Commitments and Contingencies

Capital Leases

In March 2008, the Company executed an equipment financing agreement intended to cover certain qualifying research and laboratory hardware and software. In January 2009, the agreement was amended to increase the financing amount. During the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, the Company financed certain purchases of hardware equipment and software of approximately $1.4 million, $4.8 million and $3.3 million, respectively. Pursuant to the equipment financing agreement, the Company financed the equipment with the transactions representing capital leases. Accordingly, fixed assets and capital lease liabilities were recorded at the present values of the future lease payments of $4.6 million and $5.9 million at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 , respectively. The incremental borrowing rates used to determine the present values of the future lease payments was 9.5%. Capital lease obligations expire at various dates, with the latest maturity in March 2013. In connection with the capital lease entered into in 2008, the Company issued a warrant to purchase shares of the Company's convertible preferred stock (see Note 10).
The Company recorded interest expense in connection with its capital leases of $145,000 and $224,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $311,000 and $430,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Future minimum payments under capital leases as of June 30, 2011, are as follows (in thousands):

Years ending December 31:
Capital Leases
2011 (Six Months)
$
1,697

2012
2,910

2013
391

Thereafter

Total future minimum lease payments
4,998

Less: amount representing interest
(439
)
Present value of minimum lease payments
4,559

Less: current portion
(2,992
)
Long-term portion
$
1,567


Operating Leases

The Company has noncancelable operating lease agreements for office, research and development and manufacturing space in the United States that expire at various dates, with the latest expiration in May 2018 with an estimated annual rent payment of approximately $5.9 million. In addition, the Company leases facilities in Brazil pursuant to noncancelable operating leases that expires at various dates, with the latest expiration in June 2014 with an estimated annual rent payment of approximately $303,000.
In 2007, the Company entered into an operating lease for its new headquarters in Emeryville, California, with a term of ten years commencing in May 2008. As part of the operating lease agreement, the Company received a tenant improvements allowance of $11.4 million. The Company recorded the allowance as deferred rent and associated expenditures as leasehold improvements that are being amortized over the shorter of their useful life or the term of the lease. In connection with the operating lease, the Company elected to defer a portion of the monthly base rent due under the lease and entered into notes payable agreements with the lessor for the purchase of certain tenant improvements. In October 2010, the Company amended its lease agreement with the lessor of its headquarters, to lease up to approximately 22,000 square feet of research and development and office space. In return for the removal of the early termination clause in its amended lease agreement, the Company received approximately $1.0 million from the lessor in December 2010.
The Company recognizes rent expense on a straight-line basis over the noncancelable lease term and records the difference between cash rent payments and the recognition of rent expense as a deferred rent liability. Where leases contain escalation clauses, rent abatements, and/or concession, such as rent holidays and landlord or tenant incentives or allowances, the Company applies them in the determination of straight-line rent expense over the lease term. Rent expense was $1.2 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $2.3 million and $1.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

20

Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

The Company has terminalling agreements with terminal storage facility vendors for the storage and handling of products. As of June 30, 2011 the Company had $1.1 million in outstanding commitments under these terminalling agreements of which $0.7 million and $0.5 million are expected to be paid in 2011 and 2012, respectively.
In January 2011, the Company entered into a right of first refusal agreement with respect to a facility and site in Leland, North Carolina leased by Glycotech covering a two year period commencing in January 2011 Under the right of first refusal agreement the lessor agrees not to sell the facility and site leased by Glycotech during the term of the production service agreement. If the lessor is presented with an offer to sell, or decides to sell, an adjacent parcel, the Company has a right of first refusal to acquire the adjacent parcel or leased property.
In February 2011, the Company commenced payment of rent related to an operating lease on a real property owned by Usina São Martinho in Brazil. In conjunction with a joint venture agreement (see Note 7) with the same entity, the real property will be used by the joint venture entity, SMA Indústria Química S.A. (“SMA”), for the construction of a production facility. This lease has a term of 20 years commencing in February 2011 with an estimated annual rent payment of approximately $59,000.
In February 2011, the Company entered into an operating lease for certain equipment owned by GEA Engenharia de Processos e Sistemas Industriais Ltda (“GEA”) in Brazil. The equipment under this lease will be used by the Company in its production activities in Brazil. This lease has a term of one year commencing in March 2011 with an estimated annual rent payment of approximately $96,000 and is renewable for up to two years from the end of the initial term.
In March 2011, the Company entered into an operating lease on a real property owned by Paraíso Bioenergia S.A. (“Paraíso Bioenergia”) in Brazil. In conjunction with a supply agreement (see Note 9) with the same entity, the real property will be used by the Company for the construction of an industrial facility. This lease has a term of 15 years commencing in March 2011 with an estimated annual rent payment of approximately $147,000.

Future minimum payments under operating leases as of June 30, 2011, are as follows (in thousands):
 
Years ending December 31:
Operating
Leases -
Facilities
 
Operating
Leases -
Land
 
Operating
Leases -
Equipment
 
Total
Operating
Leases
2011 (Six Months)
$
3,084

 
$
29

 
$
48

 
$
3,161

2012
6,226

 
169

 
16

 
6,411

2013
6,001

 
206

 

 
6,207

2014
6,010

 
206

 

 
6,216

2015
6,119

 
206

 

 
6,325

Thereafter
15,541

 
2,389

 

 
17,930

Total future minimum lease payments
$
42,981

 
$
3,205

 
$
64

 
$
46,250


Guarantor Arrangements

The Company has agreements whereby it indemnifies its officers and directors for certain events or occurrences while the officer or director is, or was, serving at the Company's request in such capacity. The term of the indemnification period is for the officer or director's lifetime. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited; however, the Company has a director and officer insurance policy that limits its exposure and enables the Company to recover a portion of any future amounts paid. As a result of its insurance policy coverage, the Company believes the estimated fair value of these indemnification agreements is minimal. Accordingly, the Company had no liabilities recorded for these agreements as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.
The Company has an uncommitted facility letter (“Credit Agreement”) with a financial institution to finance the purchase and sale of fuel and for working capital requirements, as needed. The Company is a parent guarantor for the payment of the outstanding balance under the Credit Agreement. As of June 30, 2011 the Company had $1.2 million in outstanding letters of credit under the Credit Agreement which are guaranteed by the Company and payable on demand. The Credit Agreement is collateralized by a first priority security interest in certain of the Company's present and future assets.
The Company has a facility (“FINEP Credit Facility”) with a financial institution to finance a research and development project on sugarcane-based biodiesel (see Note 6). The FINEP Credit Facility provides for loans of up to an aggregate principal amount of R$6.4 million Brazilian reais (approximately $4.1 million based on the exchange rate at June 30, 2011) which is guaranteed by a chattel mortgage on certain equipment of the Company. The Company's total acquisition cost for the equipment

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

under this guarantee is approximately R$6.0 million Brazilian reais (approximately $3.8 million based on the exchange rate at June 30, 2011). Subject to compliance with certain terms and conditions under the FINEP Credit Facility, four disbursements of the loan will become available to the Company for withdrawal, as described in more detail in Note 6. After the release of the first disbursement, prior to any subsequent drawdown from the FINEP Credit Facility, the Company also needs to provide bank letters of guarantee of up to R$3.3 million Brazilian reais (approximately $2.1 million based on the exchange rate at June 30, 2011).
The Company has a Terminalling Agreement with a terminal storage facility vendor for storing and handling of products. The Company is a parent guarantor for the payment of the outstanding balance under the Terminalling Agreement. As of June 30, 2011 the Company had $0.5 million in outstanding commitments under the Terminalling Agreement which are guaranteed by the Company and payable on demand.

Other Matters

The Company may be involved, from time to time, in legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties and outcomes are not predictable with assurance. The Company accrues amounts, to the extent they can be reasonably estimated, that it believes are adequate to address any liabilities related to legal proceedings and other loss contingencies that the Company believes will result in a probable loss.

6. Debt

Debt is comprised of the following (in thousands):
 
June 30,
2011

 
December 31,
2010
Credit facility
$
7,623

 
$

Notes payable
3,699

 
5,668

Loans payable
1,421

 
977

Total debt
12,743

 
6,645

Less: current portion
(2,325
)
 
(1,911
)
Long-term debt
$
10,418

 
$
4,734


Credit Facility

In November 2010, the Company entered into the FINEP Credit Facility with Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (“FINEP”), a state-owned company subordinated to the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology. This FINEP Credit Facility was extended to partially fund expenses related to the Company's research and development project on sugarcane-based biodiesel (“FINEP Project”) and provides for loans of up to an aggregate principal amount of R$6.4 million Brazilian reais (approximately $4.1 million based on the exchange rate at June 30, 2011) which is guaranteed by a chattel mortgage on certain equipment of the Company as well as bank letters of guarantee. Subject to compliance with certain terms and conditions under the FINEP Credit Facility, four disbursements of the loan will become available to the Company for withdrawal. The first disbursement received in February 2011 was approximately R$1.8 million Brazilian reais, and the next three disbursements will each be approximately R$1.6 million Brazilian reais. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, there were R$1.8 million Brazilian reais (approximately $1.1 million based on the exchange rate at June 30, 2011) and zero amount outstanding, respectively, under this FINEP Credit Facility.
Interest on loans drawn under this credit facility is fixed at 5% per annum. In case of default under or non-compliance with the terms of the agreement, the interest on loans will be dependent on the long-term interest rate as published by the Central Bank of Brazil (“TJLP”). If the TJLP at the time of default is greater than 6%, then the interest will be 5% + a TJLP adjustment factor otherwise the interest will be at 11% per annum. In addition, a fine of up to 10% will apply to the amount of any obligation in default. Interest on late balances will be 1% interest per month, levied on the overdue amount. Payment of the outstanding loan balance will be made in 81 monthly installments which will commence in July 2012 and extend through March 2019. Interest on loans drawn and other charges are paid on a monthly basis commencing in March 2011.
The FINEP Credit Facility contains the following significant terms and conditions:

The Company will share with FINEP the costs associated with the FINEP Project. At a minimum, the Company will contribute from its own funds approximately R$14.5 million Brazilian reais ($9.3 million based on the exchange rate at

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

June 30, 2011) of which R$11.1 million Brazilian reais should have been contributed prior to the release of the second disbursement;
After the release of the first disbursement, prior to any subsequent drawdown from the FINEP Credit Facility, the Company must provide bank letters of guarantee of up to R$3.3 million Brazilian reais in aggregate (approximately $2.1 million based on the exchange rate at June 30, 2011);
Amounts released from the FINEP Credit Facility must be completely used by the Company towards the FINEP Project within 30 months after the contract execution.

Notes Payable
During the period between May 2008 and October 2008, the Company entered into notes payable agreements with the lessor of its headquarters under which it borrowed a total of $3.3 million for the purchase of tenant improvements, bearing an interest rate of 9.5% per annum and to be repaid over a period of 55 to 120 months. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, a principal amount of $2.2 million and $2.4 million, respectively, was outstanding under these notes payable.
During the period between January 2009 and December 2009, the Company entered into notes payable agreements with a service provider in connection with its software implementation under which it borrowed a total of $1.2 million for the payment of implementation services and software licenses, bearing an interest rate of 8.53% per annum and to be repaid over a period of 69 to 83 months. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, a principal amount of zero and $1.0 million, respectively, was outstanding under these notes payable.
In February 2010, the Company entered into a notes payable agreement with its landlord for a loan of $239,000. The notes are payable in monthly principal and interest installments of $31,000 from June 2010 through January 2011. The notes payable accrue interest at 10.50%. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, a principal amount of zero and $31,000, respectively, was outstanding under these notes payable.
During the period between August 2010 and November 2010, the Company entered into notes payable agreements with an equipment financing company under which it borrowed a total of $2.4 million for the purchase of equipment and leasehold improvements. The notes payable bears an interest rate of 16.7% per annum to be repaid over a period of 42 months. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, a principal amount of zero and $2.2 million, respectively, was outstanding under these notes payable.
In connection with the operating lease for its headquarters (see Note 5) in Emeryville, California, the Company elected to defer a portion of monthly base rent due under the lease. In June 2011, a deferred rent obligation of $1.5 million resulting from this election became due and payable in twenty-four (24) equal monthly installments of approximately $65,000. As such, the Company reclassified this obligation from Other Liabilities to Notes Payable.

Loans Payable
In August 2009, the Company entered into a loans payable agreement with the lessor of its headquarters under which it borrowed $750,000. The loan is payable in monthly installments of interest only and unpaid interest and principal is payable in December 2011. Interest accrues at an interest rate of 10.5%. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, a principal amount of $750,000, was outstanding under the loan. The notes payable agreement is secured by a $750,000 letter of credit.
In December 2009, the Company entered into a loans payable agreement with the lessor of its Emeryville pilot plant under which it borrowed a total of $250,000 , bearing an interest rate of 10% per annum and to be repaid over a period of 96 months. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, a principal amount of $216,000 and $228,000, respectively, was outstanding under the loan.

Letters of Credit
In November 2008, the Company entered into an uncommitted facility letter (the “Credit Agreement”) with a financial institution to finance the purchase and sale of fuel and for working capital requirements, as needed. In October 2009, the agreement was amended to decrease the maximum amount that the Company may borrow under such facility. The Credit Agreement, as amended, provides an aggregate maximum availability up to the lower of $20.0 million and the borrowing base as defined in the agreement, and is subject to a sub-limit of $5.7 million for the issuance of letters of credit and a sub-limit of $20 million for short-term cash advances for product purchases. The Credit Agreement is collateralized by a first priority security interest in certain of the Company's present and future assets. Amyris is a parent guarantor for the payment of the outstanding balance under the Credit Agreement. Outstanding advances bear an interest rate at the Company's option of the bank's prime rate plus 1.0% or the bank's cost of funds plus 3.5%. As of June 30, 2011, the Company had sufficient borrowing base levels to draw down up to a total of

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

$6.9 million in short term cash advances and $4.5 million available for letters of credit in addition to those outstanding as of June 30, 2011. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had no outstanding advances and had $1.2 million and $4.6 million, respectively, in outstanding letters of credit under the Credit Agreement.
To the extent that amounts under the Credit Agreement remain unused, while the Credit Agreement is in effect and for so long thereafter as any of the obligations under the Credit Agreement are outstanding, the Company will pay an annual commitment fee of $300,000. The Credit Agreement requires compliance with certain customary covenants that require maintenance of certain specified financial ratios and conditions. As of June 30, 2011, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenants under the Credit Agreement.

Revolving Credit Facility
On December 23, 2010, the Company established a revolving credit facility with a financial institution which provides for loans and standby letters of credit of up to an aggregate principal amount of $10.0 million, with a sublimit of $5.0 million on standby letters of credit. Interest on loans drawn under this revolving credit facility will be equal to (i) the Eurodollar Rate plus 3%; or (ii) the Prime Rate plus 0.50%. In case of default or non-compliance with the terms of the agreement, the interest on loans will be Prime Rate plus 2%. The credit facility is collateralized by a first priority security interest in certain of the Company's present and future assets. It has a $5,000 annual loan fee and contains the following significant financial and non-financial covenants, all of which the Company was in compliance as of June 30, 2011:
Financial Covenants: The Company must maintain a liquidity of at least $10 million plus two times “Net Cash Used in Operating Activities” calculated using the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows reflected in the Company's most recent periodic report filed with the SEC. In addition, as of the end of each fiscal quarter, the Company must maintain a current ratio (current assets to current liabilities) equal to or greater than 2:1.
Financial Statements: The Company must provide financial statements to the lender on a quarterly basis within 60 days after the end of each of the first three quarters of each fiscal year and audited financial statements within 105 days after the end of each fiscal year.
Under this facility, loans aggregating $6.5 million and three letters of credit totaling $3.5 million were outstanding as of June 30, 2011. The outstanding letters of credit serve as security for certain facility leases and expire between November and December 2011 and may be automatically extended for another one-year period.

Future minimum payments under the debt agreements as of June 30, 2011 are as follows (in thousands):
 
Years ending December 31:
Notes Payable
 
Loans Payable
 
Credit Facility
2011(Six Months)
$
703

 
$
827

 
$
142

2012
1,405

 
400

 
283

2013
770

 
137

 
6,586

2014
355

 
45

 
57

2015
355

 
45

 
57

Thereafter
834

 
89

 
1,229

Total future minimum payments
4,422

 
1,543

 
8,354

Less: amount representing interest
(723
)
 
(122
)
 
(731
)
Present value of minimum debt payments
3,699

 
1,421

 
7,623

Less: current portion
(1,187
)
 
(1,138
)
 

Noncurrent portion of debt
$
2,512

 
$
283

 
$
7,623


7. Joint Ventures

SMA Indústria Química S.A.

On April 14, 2010, the Company established SMA, a joint venture with Usina São Martinho, to build the first facility in Brazil fully dedicated to the production of Amyris renewable products. The new company is located at the Usina São Martinho mill in Pradópolis, São Paulo state. SMA has a 20 year initial term.


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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Amyris plans to provide genetically engineered yeast to enable SMA to produce Amyris farnesene, or Biofene TM , a molecule which may be used as an ingredient in a wide range of consumer and industrial products, including detergents, cosmetics, perfumes and industrial lubricants.

SMA is managed by a three member executive committee, of which the Company appoints two members one of whom is the plant manager who is the most senior executive responsible for managing the construction and operation of the facility. SMA is governed by a four member board of directors, of which the Company and Usina São Martinho each appoint two members. The board of directors has certain protective rights which include final approval of the engineering designs and project work plan developed and recommended by the executive committee.
Under the joint venture agreements, the Company granted a royalty-free license to SMA. The Company will fund the construction costs of the new facility. Usina São Martinho will reimburse up to R$61.8 million Brazilian reais (approximately $39.6 million based on the exchange rate as of June 30, 2011) of the construction costs after SMA commences production. Post commercialization, the Company will market and distribute the Amyris renewable products. Usina São Martinho will sell feedstock and provide certain other services to SMA. The cost of the feedstock to SMA is a price that is based on the average return that Usina São Martinho could receive from the production of its current products, sugar and ethanol. The Company is required to purchase the output of SMA for the first four years at a price that guarantees the return of Usina São Martinho's investment plus a fixed interest rate. After this four year period, the price is set to guarantee a break-even price to SMA plus an agreed upon return.

Under the terms of the joint venture agreements, if the Company becomes controlled, directly or indirectly, by a competitor of Usina São Martinho, then Usina São Martinho has the right to acquire the Company’s interest in SMA. If Usina São Martinho becomes controlled, directly or indirectly, by a competitor of the Company, then the Company has the right to sell its interest in SMA to Usina São Martinho. In either case, the purchase price shall be determined in accordance with the joint venture agreements, and the Company would continue to have the obligation to acquire products produced by SMA for the remainder of the term of the supply agreement then in effect even though the Company would no longer be involved in SMA’s management.

Amyris has a 50% ownership interest in SMA. The Company has identified SMA as a VIE. The Company is the primary beneficiary and consequently consolidates SMA’s operations in its financial statements. As of June 30, 2011, the Company’s investment in SMA did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Joint Venture with Cosan
In June 2011, the Company entered into joint venture agreements with Cosan Combustíveis e Lubrificantes S.A. and Cosan S.A. Industria e Comércio (such Cosan entities, collectively or individually, “Cosan”), related to the formation of a Brazilian joint venture entity (the “JV”), which will focus on the worldwide development, production and commercialization of base oils made from Biofene or Amyris farnesene produced by the JV or purchased from the Company or a contract manufacturer. In December 2010, the parties had entered into an agreement to establish the joint venture pending completion of feasibility studies. Such feasibility studies were successfully completed in April 2011 and the parties agreed under the joint venture agreements to establish the JV and commence operations.
Under the joint venture agreements, the JV will undertake, on a worldwide basis, the development, production and commercialization of certain classes of base oils produced from Biofene for use in lubricants products in the automotive, commercial and industrial markets. The agreements provide that the Company will perform research and development activities on behalf of the JV under a research services arrangement and will grant a royalty-free license to the JV to use the Company's technology to develop, produce, market and distribute renewable base oils for use in lubricant products sold worldwide. The joint venture agreements provide that Cosan will provide technical expertise and use commercially reasonable efforts to contribute a base oils offtake agreement with a third party to the JV.
Subject to certain exceptions for the Company, the joint venture agreements provide that the JV will be the exclusive means through which the Company and Cosan will engage in the worldwide development and commercialization of specified classes of renewable base oils that are derived from Biofene or, under certain circumstances, from other intermediate molecules or technologies. The JV has certain rights of first refusal with respect to alternative base oil technologies that may be acquired by the Company or Cosan during the term of the JV.
Under the joint venture agreements, the Company and Cosan each own 50% of the JV and each party will share equally in any costs and any profits ultimately realized by the JV. The joint venture agreement has an initial term of 20 years from the date of the agreement, subject to earlier termination by mutual written consent or by a non-defaulting party in the event of specified

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

defaults by the other party (including breach by a party of any material obligations under the joint venture agreements). The Shareholders' Agreement has an initial term of 10 years from the date of the agreement, subject to earlier termination if either the Company or Cosan ceases to own at least 10% of the voting stock of the JV.

The Company has identified the JV as a VIE. The power to direct activities, which most significantly impact the economic success of joint venture, is shared between the Company and Cosan who are not related parties. Accordingly, the Company is not the primary beneficiary and therefore will account for its investments in the JV using the equity method. The Company will periodically review its consolidation analysis on an ongoing basis. As of June 30, 2011, the carrying amounts of the unconsolidated VIE's assets and liabilities were not material to the Company's consolidated financial statements.

8. Noncontrolling Interest

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

In February 2008, the Company formed a subsidiary Amyris Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de Biocombustíveis, Ltda. In March 2008, the Company sold a 30% interest to Crystalsev and the subsidiary was renamed Amyris-Crystalsev Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de Biocombustíveis Ltda. (“ACB”). The Company invested $3.8 million of cash for a 70% interest in ACB and Crystalsev contributed $1.6 million of cash for the remaining 30% interest.

In April 2009, the Company re-purchased Crystalsev’s 30% interest in ACB for $2.3 million resulting in ACB once again becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary. The purchase of the noncontrolling interest was treated as an equity transaction and the fair value of the consideration paid of $2.3 million was recorded as a reduction of the carrying value of the noncontrolling interest and additional paid-in capital. In December 2009, ACB was renamed Amyris Brasil S.A. In May 2011, Amyris Brasil S.A. was converted into Amyris Brasil Ltda.

In December 2009, Amyris Brasil sold 1,111,111 of its shares representing a 4.8% interest in Amyris Brasil for R$10.0 million Brazilian reais. The redeemable noncontrolling interest was reported in the mezzanine equity section of the consolidated balance sheet because the Company was then subject to a contingent put option under which it could have been required to repurchase an interest in Amyris Brasil from the noncontrolling interest holder. The Company has recognized a noncontrolling interest from December 22, 2009 to December 31, 2009 in the consolidated balance sheets and statements of operations.

In March 2010, Amyris Brasil sold an additional 853,333 shares of its stock, an incremental 3.4% interest, for R$3.0 million Brazilian reais. In May 2010, Amyris Brasil sold an additional 1,111,111 shares of its stock, an incremental 4.07% interest, for R$10.0 million Brazilian reais.

Under the terms of the agreements with these Amyris Brasil investors, the Company had the right to require the investors to convert their shares of Amyris Brasil into shares of common stock at a 1:0.28 conversion ratio. On September 30, 2010, in connection with the Company’s IPO, shares of Amyris Brasil held by these investors were converted into 861,155 shares of the Company’s common stock. The remaining noncontrolling interest as of September 30, 2010 was converted to common stock and additional paid-in capital.
 
At the closing of the IPO, the Company recorded a one-time beneficial conversion feature charge of $2.7 million associated with the conversion of the shares of Amyris Brasil held by investors into shares of Amyris, Inc. common stock, which impacted earnings per share for the year ended December 31, 2010.

Noncontrolling Interest

SMA Indústria Química
The joint venture, SMA (see Note 7), is a VIE pursuant to the accounting guidance for consolidating VIEs because the amount of total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit SMA to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support, as well as because the related commercialization agreement provides a substantive minimum price guarantee. Under the terms of the joint venture agreement, Amyris directs the design and construction activities, as well as production and distribution. In addition, Amyris has the obligation to fund the design and construction activities until commercialization is achieved. Subsequent to the construction phase, both parties equally fund SMA for the term of the joint venture. Based on those factors, the Company was determined to have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact SMA’s economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses and the right to receive benefits. Accordingly, the financial results of SMA are included in the

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Company’s consolidated financial statements and amounts pertaining to Usina São Martinho’s interest in SMA are reported as noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries.

Glycotech

On January 3, 2011, the Company entered into a production service agreement with Glycotech, whereby Glycotech is to provide process development and production services for the manufacturing of various Amyris products at its leased facility in Leland, North Carolina. The Amyris products to be manufactured by Glycotech will be owned and distributed by the Company. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, the Company will pay the manufacturing and operating costs of the Glycotech facility which is dedicated solely to the manufacture of Amyris products. The Company has determined that the arrangement with Glycotech qualifies as a VIE. The Company determined that it is the primary beneficiary of this arrangement since it has the power through the management committee over which it has majority control to direct the activities that most significantly impact the arrangement's economic performance. In addition, the Company is required to fund 100% of the Glycotech's actual operating costs for providing services each month while the facility is in operation under the production service agreement. Accordingly, the Company consolidates the financial results of Glycotech. As of June 30, 2011, the carrying amounts of the consolidated VIE's assets and liabilities were not material to the Company's consolidated financial statements.
The table below reflects the carrying amount of the assets and liabilities of the two consolidated VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The assets primarily comprise of approximately $2.5 million in property and equipment and approximately $0.7 million in other assets, and $0.1 million in current assets. The liabilities comprise of $0.4 million in accounts payable and accrued current liabilities and $0.5 million in loan obligations by Glycotech to a financial institution that are non-recourse to the Company. The creditors of each consolidated VIE have recourse only to the assets of that VIE.
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
(In thousands)
Assets
$
3,324

Liabilities
$
898

 
9. Significant Agreements

Research and Development Activities
Total Collaboration Agreement

In June 2010, the Company entered into a technology license, development, research and collaboration agreement (“collaboration agreement”) with Total Gas & Power USA Biotech, Inc., an affiliate of Total S.A. (“Total”). The collaboration agreement sets forth the terms for the research, development, production and commercialization of certain to be determined chemical and/or fuel products made through the use of the Company’s synthetic biology platform. The collaboration agreement establishes a multiphased process through which projects are identified, screened, studied for feasibility, and ultimately selected as a project for development of an identified lead compound using an identified microbial strain. Under the terms of the collaboration agreement, Total will fund up to the first $50.0 million in research and development costs for the selected projects; thereafter the parties will share such costs equally. Amyris has agreed to dedicate the laboratory resources needed for collaboration projects. Total also plans to second employees at Amyris to work on the projects. Once a development project has commenced, the parties are obligated to work together exclusively to develop the lead compound during the project development phase. After a development project is completed, the Company and Total expect to form one or more joint ventures to commercialize any products that are developed, with costs and profits to be shared on an equal basis, provided that if Total has not achieved profits from sales of a joint venture product equal to the amount of funding it provided for development plus an agreed upon rate of return within three years of commencing sales, then Total will be entitled to receive all profits from sales until this rate of return has been achieved. Each party has certain rights to independently produce commercial quantities of these products under certain circumstances, subject to paying royalties to the other party. Total has the right of first negotiation with respect to exclusive commercialization arrangements the Company would propose to enter into with certain third parties, as well as the right to purchase any of the Company’s products on terms no less favorable than those offered to or received by the Company from third parties in any market where Total or its affiliates have a significant market position.

The collaboration agreement has an initial term of 12 years and is renewable by mutual agreement by the parties for additional three year periods. Neither the Company nor Total has the right to terminate the agreement voluntarily. The Company and Total

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

each have the right to terminate the agreement in the event the other party commits a material breach, is the subject of certain bankruptcy proceedings or challenges a patent licensed to it under the collaboration agreement. Total also has the right to terminate the collaboration agreement in the event the Company undergoes a sale or change of control to certain entities. If the Company terminates the collaboration agreement due to a breach, bankruptcy or patent challenge by Total, all licenses the Company has granted to Total terminate except licenses related to products for which Total has made a material investment and licenses related to products with respect to which binding commercialization arrangements have been approved, which will survive subject, in most cases, to the payment of certain royalties by Total to the Company. Similarly, if Total terminates the collaboration agreement due to a breach, bankruptcy or patent challenge by the Company, all licenses Total has granted to the Company terminate except licenses related to products for which the Company has made a material investment, certain grant-back licenses and licenses related to products with respect to which binding commercialization arrangements have been approved, which will survive subject, in most cases, to the payment of certain royalties to Total by the Company. On expiration of the collaboration agreement, or in the event the collaboration agreement is terminated for a reason other than a breach, bankruptcy or patent challenge by one party, licenses applicable to activities outside the collaboration generally continue with respect to intellectual property existing at the time of expiration or termination subject, in most cases, to royalty payments. There are circumstances under which certain of the licenses granted to Total will survive on a perpetual, royalty-free basis after expiration or termination of the collaboration agreement. Generally these involve licenses to use the Company’s synthetic biology technology and core metabolic pathway for purposes of either independently developing further improvements to marketed collaboration technologies or products or the processes for producing them within a specified scope agreed to by the Company and Total prior to the time of expiration or termination, or independently developing early stage commercializing products developed from collaboration compounds that met certain performance criteria prior to the time the agreement expired or was terminated and commercializing products related to such compounds. After the collaboration agreement expires, the Company may be obligated to provide Total with ongoing access to Amyris laboratory facilities to enable Total to complete research and development activities that commenced prior to termination.

In June 2010, concurrent with the collaboration agreement, the Company issued 7,101,548 shares of Series D preferred stock to Total for aggregate proceeds of approximately $133.0 million at a per share price of $18.75, which was lower than the per share fair value of common stock as determined by management and the Board of Directors. Due to the fact the collaboration agreement and the issuance of shares to Total occurred concurrently, the terms of both the collaboration agreement and the issuance of preferred stock were evaluated to determine whether their separately stated pricing was equal to the fair value of services and preferred stock. The Company determined that the fair value of Series D preferred stock was $22.68 at the time of issuance, and therefore, the Company measured the preferred stock initially at its fair value with a corresponding reduction in the consideration for the services under the collaboration agreement. As revenue from collaboration agreement will be generated over a period of time based on the performance requirements, the Company recorded the difference between the fair value and consideration received for Series D preferred stock of $27.9 million as deferred charge asset within other assets at the time of issuance which will be recognized as a reduction to revenue in proportion to the total estimated revenue under the collaboration agreement. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company has recognized a cumulative reduction of $2.7 million and $0.3 million, respectively against the deferred charge asset.

As a result of recording Series D preferred stock at its fair value, the effective conversion price was greater than the fair value of common stock as determined by management and the Board of Directors. Therefore, no beneficial conversion feature was recorded at the time of issuance. The Company further determined that the conversion option with a contingent reduction in the conversion price upon a qualified IPO was a potential contingent beneficial feature and, as a result, the Company calculated the intrinsic value of such conversion option upon occurrence of the qualified IPO. The Company determined that a contingent beneficial conversion feature existed and the Company recorded a charge within the equity section of its balance sheet, which impacted earnings per share for the year ended December 31, 2010, based upon the price at which shares were offered to the public in the IPO in relation to the adjustment provisions provided for the Series D preferred stock. Based on the IPO price of $16.00 per share, the charge to net loss attributable to Amyris’ common stockholders was $39.3 million.

In connection with Total’s equity investment, the Company agreed to appoint a person designated by Total to serve as a member of the Company’s Board of Directors in the class subject to the latest reelection date, and to use reasonable efforts, consistent with the Board of Directors’ fiduciary duties, to cause the director designated by Total to be re-nominated by the Board of Directors in the future. These membership rights terminate upon the earlier of Total holding less than half of the shares of common stock originally issuable upon conversion of the Series D preferred stock or a sale of the Company.


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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

The Company also agreed with Total that, so long as Total holds at least 10% of the Company’s voting securities, the Company will notify Total if the Company’s Board of Directors seeks to cause the sale of the Company or if the Company receives an offer to be acquired. In the event of such decision or offer, the Company must provide Total with all information given to an offering party and certain other information, and Total will have an exclusive negotiating period of 15 business days in the event the Board of Directors authorizes the Company to solicit offers to buy the Company, or five business days in the event that the Company receives an unsolicited offer to be acquired. This exclusive negotiation period will be followed by an additional restricted negotiation period of 10 business days, during which the Company will be obligated to negotiate with Total and will be prohibited from entering into an agreement with any other potential acquirer. Total has also entered into a standstill agreement pursuant to which it agreed for a period of three years not to acquire in excess of the greater of 20% or the number of shares of Series D preferred stock purchased by Total (during the initial two years) or 30% (during the third year) of the Company’s common stock without the prior consent of our Board of Directors, except that, among other things, if another person acquires more than Total’s then current holdings of the Company’s common stock, then Total may acquire up to that amount plus one share.

Soliance Development and Commercialization Agreement

In June 2010, the Company entered into an agreement with Soliance for the development and commercialization of Biofene-based squalane for use as an ingredient in cosmetics products. The parties anticipate the formation of a joint venture for the production of squalane and the development of squalane formulations for these products, with Soliance to act as the distributor.

M&G Finanziaria Collaboration Agreement

In June 2010, the Company entered into a collaboration agreement with M&G Finanziaria S.R.L. to incorporate Biofene as an ingredient in M&G's polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, resins to be incorporated into containers for food, beverages and other products. Under the terms of the collaboration agreement each party bears its own costs incurred for the collaboration milestones. The agreement also establishes the terms under which M&G may purchase Biofene from the Company upon successful completion of product integration.

Firmenich SA

In November 2010, the Company entered into collaboration and joint development agreements with Firmenich SA (“Firmenich”), a flavors and fragrances company based in Geneva, Switzerland. Under the agreement, Firmenich will fund technical development at the Company to produce an ingredient for the flavors and fragrances market. The Company will manufacture the ingredient and Firmenich will market it, and the parties will share in any resulting economic value. The agreement also grants worldwide exclusive flavors and fragrances commercialization rights to Firmenich for the ingredient. In addition, Firmenich has an option to collaborate with the Company to develop a second ingredient. The Company is also eligible to receive potential total payments of $6.0 million upon the achievement of certain performance milestones towards which the Company will be required to make a contributory performance. These milestones are accounted for under the guidance in the FASB accounting standard update related to revenue recognition under the milestone method. The Company concluded that these milestone payments are substantive.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company recorded $3.1million and $3.8 million, respectively, of revenue from the collaboration agreement with Firmenich, including the first milestone payment of $2.0 million recognized in April 2011.
Givaudan

In February 2011, the Company entered into a development agreement with Givaudan SA. (“Givaudan”), a flavors and fragrances company headquartered in Vernier, Switzerland. Under the agreement, subject to its successful achievement of certain technical milestones, the Company will supply Biofene to Givaudan to derive a proprietary fragrance ingredient for the global flavors and fragrances market.
Avantium Collaboration Agreement

In March 2011, the Company entered into a collaboration agreement with Avantium Chemicals B.V. Under the terms of the collaboration agreement Avantium will provide services to support the Company in the development of chemical processing of Biofene into final products. The term of the collaboration agreement is initially two years.
 

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Manufacturing Agreements

SMA Indústria Química S.A.

SMA, the Company's joint venture with Usina São Martinho (See Note 7), will manufacture farnesene using the Company's genetically engineered yeast and the sugarcane syrup feedstock provided by Usina São Martinho.

Biomin

In June 2010, the Company entered into a joint manufacturing agreement with Biomin do Brasil Nutri ão Animal Ltda. (“Biomin”) to utilize a portion of its Brazilian manufacturing facilities to produce Amyris products commencing in 2011. The joint manufacturing agreement requires the acquisition of certain equipment to be used exclusively for the manufacturing of the product. Under the terms of the agreement Amyris will procure and contract the engineering activities and the necessary equipment for the manufacturing of Amyris products. Biomin commenced production operations in the second quarter of 2011.

Tate & Lyle

In November 2010, the Company entered into a contract manufacturing agreement with Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas, Inc. (“Tate & Lyle”), an affiliate of Tate & Lyle PLC. Under this arrangement, Tate & Lyle will produce Amyris products, which will be owned and distributed by the Company.

Glycotech

On January 3, 2011, the Company entered into a production service agreement with Glycotech, whereby Glycotech is to provide process development and production services for the manufacturing of various Amyris products at its leased facility in Leland, North Carolina. The Amyris products to be manufactured by Glycotech will be owned and distributed by the Company. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, the Company will pay the manufacturing and operating costs of the Glycotech facility which is dedicated solely for the manufacture of Amyris products. The initial term of the agreement is for a two year period commencing on February 1, 2011 and will renew automatically for successive one-year terms, unless terminated by Amyris. On the same date as the production service agreement, the Company also entered into a right of first refusal agreement with the facility and site leased by Glycotech covering a two year period commencing in January 2011. Per the terms of the right of first refusal agreement the lessor agrees not to sell the facility and site leased by Glycotech during the term of the production service agreement. In the event that the lessor is presented with an offer to sell or decides to sell an adjacent parcel, the Company has the right of first refusal to acquire it. The Company has determined that the arrangement with Glycotech qualifies as a VIE (see Note 8).

Antibióticos
In March 2011, the Company entered into a contract manufacturing agreement with Antibióticos, S.A. (“Antibióticos”) for Antibióticos to produce Biofene for the Company at its facilities in León, Spain. Under the terms of the agreement the Company will provide required equipment for the manufacturing of its products.

Paraíso Bioenergia
In March 2011, the Company entered into a supply agreement with Paraíso Bioenergia, a renewable energy company producing sugar, ethanol and electricity headquartered in São Paulo State, Brazil. Under the agreement, the Company will construct fermentation and separation capacity to produce its products and Paraíso Bioenergia will supply sugar cane juice and other utilities. The Company will retain the full economic benefits enabled by the sale of Amyris renewable products over the lower of sugar or ethanol alternatives. In conjunction with the supply agreement the Company also entered into an operating lease on a real property owned by Paraíso Bioenergia. The real property will be used by the Company for the construction of an industrial facility (see Note 5).

Per the terms of the supply agreement, in the event that Paraíso is presented with an offer to sell or decides to sell the real property, the Company has the right of first refusal to acquire it. If the Company fails to exercise its right of first refusal the purchaser of the real property will need to comply with the specific obligations of Paraíso Bioenergia to the Company under the lease agreement.


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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Supply Agreements

Procter and Gamble
In June 2010, the Company entered into a supply agreement with The Procter & Gamble Company that establishes terms under which P&G may purchase Biofene from the Company for use in P&G’s products. The terms of the agreement call for non-refundable development fees payable to the Company in addition to payments for purchase of Biofene. At this time, P&G does not have an obligation to purchase a specified quantity.

Shell
In June 2010, the Company entered into an agreement with Shell Western Supply and Trading Limited (“Shell"), a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell plc, that contemplates the Company’s sale of certain minimum quantities of Company diesel fuel to Shell, commencing 18 months after the Company provides notice of election to sell under this agreement, and running for two years after the date specified in such notice, up to the end of March 2016 at the latest, with an option to renew for a further year. At this time, Shell does not have an obligation to purchase a specific quantity, or any, product under this agreement, and the Company is not obligated to sell specific quantities to Shell, but the parties will become subject to obligations to purchase and sell to the extent that formal notices and orders are submitted under the agreement in the future.

10. Stockholders’ Equity

Initial Public Offering

On September 30, 2010, the Company closed its initial public offering (“IPO”) of 5,300,000 shares of common stock at an offering price of $16.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $73.7 million, after deducting underwriting discounts of $5.9 million and offering costs of $5.2 million. Upon the closing of the IPO, the Company’s outstanding shares of convertible preferred stock were automatically converted into 31,550,277 shares of common stock and the outstanding convertible preferred stock warrants were automatically converted into common stock warrants to purchase a total of 195,604 shares of common stock and shares of Amyris Brasil held by third party investors were automatically converted into 861,155 shares of common stock.

In connection with the IPO, the Company granted the underwriters the right to purchase up to an additional 795,000 shares of common stock to cover over-allotments. In October 2010, the underwriters exercised such right to purchase 795,000 shares and the Company received approximately $11.8 million of proceeds, net of underwriter’s discount.

Common Stock

Pursuant to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, the Company is authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of common stock. Holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to dividends as and when declared by the Board of Directors, subject to the rights of holders of all classes of stock outstanding having priority rights as to dividends. There have been no dividends declared to date. The holder of each share of common stock is entitled to one vote.

Preferred Stock
Pursuant to the Company's amended and restated certificate of incorporation, the Company is authorized to issue 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock. The board of directors has the authority, without action by its stockholders, to designate and issue shares of preferred stock in one or more series and to fix the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions thereof.
Prior to the closing of the Company's IPO, the Company had four series of convertible preferred stock outstanding, including Series D preferred stock issued to Total (see Note 9). At June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had no convertible preferred stock outstanding.

Common Stock Warrants

In 2008, in connection with consulting services, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 2,580 shares of the Company's Series B convertible preferred stock at an exercise price of $24.88 per share. These warrants remain unexercised and outstanding as of June 30, 2011.

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

In 2008, in connection with a capital lease agreement, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 10,048 shares of the Company's Series B convertible preferred at an exercise price of $24.88 per share. In September 2009, the Company canceled the warrant and issued a warrant to purchase 10,048 shares of the Company's Series C convertible preferred stock with an exercise price of $12.46 per share. These warrants were exercised in March 2011.
In 2008, in connection with the Company's issuance of Series B-1 convertible preferred stock, the Company issued warrants to purchase 100,715 shares of the Company's Series B-1 convertible preferred stock at an exercise price of $25.26 per share to the placement agent. The warrants were immediately exercisable and expire seven years from the effective date. These warrants were exercised in March 2011.
In 2008, in connection with an operating lease, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 2,009 shares of the Company's Series B-1 convertible preferred stock at an exercise price of $25.26 per share. These warrants remain unexercised and outstanding as of June 30, 2011.
In 2009, in connection with the Company's issuance of Series B-1 convertible preferred stock, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 3,843 shares of the Company's Series B-1 convertible preferred stock at an exercise price of $25.26 per share to the placement agent. This warrant was exercised in March 2011.
In September 2009, the Company canceled the warrant to purchase 10,048 shares of the Company's Series B convertible preferred stock and issued a warrant to purchase 16,075 shares of the Company's Series C convertible preferred stock with an exercise price of $12.46 per share. This warrant was exercised in March 2011. In connection with a capital lease arrangement, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 8,026 shares of the Company's Series C convertible preferred stock at an exercise price of $12.46 per share. This warrant was exercised in March 2011.
In January 2010, in connection with the Company's issuance of Series C convertible preferred stock, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 49,157 shares of the Company's Series C convertible preferred stock at an exercise price of $12.46 per share to the placement agent. This warrant was exercised in March 2011.
Upon the closing of the Company's IPO on September 30, 2010, the outstanding convertible preferred stock warrants were automatically converted into common stock warrants to purchase 195,604 shares of common stock. In addition, the fair value of the convertible preferred stock warrants as of September 30, 2010, estimated to be $2.3 million using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, was reclassified to additional paid in capital.
The Company recorded zero and a loss of $576,000, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, and zero and a loss of 34,000, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, to other expense, net to reflect the change in the fair value of the warrants.
Each of these warrants includes a cashless exercise provision which permits the holder of the warrant to elect to exercise the warrant without paying the cash exercise price, and receive a number of shares determined by multiplying (i) the number of shares for which the warrant is being exercised by (ii) the difference between the fair market value of the stock on the date of exercise and the warrant exercise price, and dividing such by (iii) the fair market value of the stock on the date of exercise. During the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, 190,468 and zero warrants, respectively, were exercised through the cashless exercise provision and 77,087 and zero shares of common stock, respectively, were issued after deducting the shares to cover the cashless exercises. There were no warrants exercised during the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.
At June 30, 2011 and December 30, 2010, the Company had the following unexercised common stock warrants:
 
 
Exercise
Price per Share
 
Shares as of
 
Shares as of
Underlying Stock
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
Common Stock
 
$
24.88

 
2,884

 
2,884

Common Stock
 
$
25.26

 
2,252

 
119,462

Common Stock
 
$
12.46

 

 
73,258

Total
 
 
 
5,136

 
195,604

 


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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

11. Stock-Based Compensation Plans

2010 Equity Incentive Plan

The Company's 2010 Equity Incentive Plan (“2010 Equity Plan”) became effective on September 28, 2010 and will terminate in 2020. Pursuant to the 2010 Equity Plan, any shares of the Company's common stock (i) issued upon exercise of stock options granted under the 2005 Plan that cease to be subject to such option and (ii) issued under the 2005 Plan that are forfeited or repurchased by the Company at the original purchase price will become part of the 2010 Equity Plan. During the six months ended June 30, 2011, an additional 51,721 shares that were forfeited under the 2005 Plan were added to the shares reserved for issuance under the 2010 Equity Plan.
The number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2010 Equity Plan will increase automatically on the first day of each January, starting with January 1, 2011, by the number of shares equal to five percent of the Company's total outstanding shares as of the immediately preceding December 31 st . The Company's Board of Directors or Leadership Development and Compensation Committee will be able to reduce the amount of the increase in any particular year. The 2010 Equity Plan provides for the granting of common stock options, restricted stock awards, stock bonuses, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units and performance awards. It allows for time-based or performance-based vesting for the awards. Options granted under the 2010 Equity Plan may be either ISOs or NSOs. ISOs may be granted only to Company employees (including officers and directors who are also employees). NSOs may be granted to Company employees, non-employee directors and consultants. The Company will be able to issue no more than 30,000,000 shares pursuant to the grant of ISOs under the 2010 Equity Plan. Options under the 2010 Equity Plan may be granted for periods of up to ten years. All options issued to date have had a ten year life. The exercise price of an ISO and NSO shall not be less than 100% of the fair value of the shares on the date of grant. The exercise price of an ISO and NSO granted to a 10% stockholder shall not be less than 110% of the fair value of the underlying stock on the date of grant. The Company's options generally vest over four to five years.
As of June 30, 2011, options and restricted stock awards to purchase 3,635,274 shares of the Company's common stock granted from the 2010 Equity Plan remained outstanding and 2,962,483 shares of the Company's common stock remained available for issuance upon the exercise of awards that may be granted from the 2010 Equity Plan. The options outstanding as of June 30, 2011 had a weighted-average exercise price of approximately $24.89 per share.

2005 Stock Option/Stock Issuance Plan

In 2005, the Company established its 2005 Stock Option/Stock Issuance Plan (the “2005 Plan”) which provided for the granting of common stock options, restricted stock units, restricted stock and stock purchase rights awards to employees and consultants of the Company. The 2005 Plan allowed for time-based or performance-based vesting for the awards. Options granted under the 2005 Plan were either incentive stock options (“ISOs”) or nonqualified stock options (“NSOs”). ISOs were granted only to Company employees (including officers and directors who are also employees). NSOs were granted to Company employees non-employee directors and consultants.
All options issued under the 2005 Plan have had a ten year life. The exercise price of an ISO and NSO should not be less than 100% of the estimated fair value of the shares on the date of grant, as determined by the Board of Directors. The exercise price of an ISO and NSO granted to a 10% stockholder could not be less than 110% of the estimated fair value of the underlying stock on the date of grant as determined by the Board of Directors. The options generally vested over five years.
As of June 30, 2011, options to purchase 5,140,928 shares of the Company's common stock granted from the 2005 Stock Option/Stock Issuance Plan remained outstanding and zero shares of the Company's common stock remained available for issuance under the 2005 Plan as a result of the adoption of the 2010 Equity Incentive Plan discussed above. The options outstanding under the 2005 Plan as of June 30, 2011 had a weighted-average exercise price of approximately $6.25 per share.
No income tax benefit has been recognized relating to stock-based compensation expense and no tax benefits have been realized from exercised stock options.

2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

The 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2010 ESPP”) became effective on September 28, 2010. The 2010 ESPP is designed to enable eligible employees to purchase shares of the Company's common stock at a discount. Each offering period is for one year and consists of two six-month purchase periods. The purchase price for shares of common stock under the 2010 ESPP is 85% of the lesser of the fair market value of the Company's common stock on the first day of the applicable offering period or

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

the last day of each purchase period. A total of 168,627 shares of common stock were initially reserved for future issuance under the 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan. During the first eight years of the life of the 2010 ESPP, the number of shares reserved for issuance increases automatically on the first day of each January, starting with January 1, 2011, by the number of shares equal to one percent of the Company's total outstanding shares as of the immediately preceding December 31 st , subject to reduction as described below. Pursuant to this automatic increase, an additional 438,474 shares were reserved for issuance during the six months ended June 30, 2011. The Company's Board of Directors or Leadership Development and Compensation Committee is able to reduce the amount of the increase in any particular year. No more than 10,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock may be issued under the 2010 ESPP and no other shares may be added to this plan without the approval of the Company's stockholders.
The initial offering period commenced on September 27, 2010, and will end on November 15, 2011. The initial offering period consists of a single purchase period. Thereafter, a twelve-month offering period will commence on each May 16 th and November 16 th , with each offering period consisting of two six-month purchase periods.
At June 30, 2011, 607,101 shares of the Company's common stock remained available for issuance under the 2010 ESPP.

Stock Option Activity

The Company's stock option, restricted stock units, and restricted stock grant activity and related information for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was as follows:

 
 
Shares
Available
for Grant
 
Restricted
Stock
Units
Oustanding
 
Stock Options
 
Number
Oustanding
 
Weighted -
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Weighted -
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
Outstanding - December 31, 2010
3,301,259

 

 
7,274,637

 
$
8.01

 
8.00

 
$
135,792

Additional shares authorized
2,192,371

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Options granted
(2,249,375
)
 
 
 
2,249,375

 
27.16

 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units granted
(361,301
)
 
361,301

 

 

 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units released
 
 
(9,967
)
 

 

 
 
 
 
Options exercised

 
 
 
(964,714
)
 
4.46

 
 
 
 
Shares repurchased
1,137

 
 
 

 
4.31

 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units settled for taxes
3,962

 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
Options canceled
74,430

 
 
 
(74,430
)
 
13.25

 
 
 
 
Outstanding - June 30, 2011
2,962,483

 
351,334

 
8,484,868

 
$
13.45

 
8.21

 
$
124,560

Vested and expected to vest - June 30, 2011
 
 
 
 
8,125,757

 
$
13.17

 
8.17

 
$
121,555

Exercisable - June 30, 2011
 
 
 
 
2,975,255

 
$
5.45

 
6.92

 
$
67,367


The aggregate intrinsic value of options exercised was $11.8 million and $262,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $22.2 million and $332,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, determined as of the date of option exercise.
 
The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of June 30, 2011:

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Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

   
Options Outstanding
 
Options Exercisable
Exercise Price      
Number of Options
 
Weighted -Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(Years)
 
Number of Options
$   0.10   -   $   0.20
26,700

 
4.5
 
26,700

$   0.28   -   $   0.28
1,011,999

 
5.6
 
916,855

$   1.50   -   $   1.50
214,405

 
6.1
 
181,156

$   3.93   -   $   3.93
1,442,054

 
6.7
 
904,988

$   4.31   -   $   4.31
800,217

 
8.2
 
307,834

$   9.32   -   $   9.32
974,799

 
8.5
 
219,653

$ 14.28   -   $ 20.41
1,292,972

 
9.0
 
262,847

$ 24.20   -   $ 26.50
646,884

 
9.5
 
53,907

$ 26.84   -   $ 26.84
1,175,150

 
9.8
 
36,109

$ 27.13   -   $ 30.17
899,688

 
9.8
 
65,206

$ 0.10 - $ 30.17
8,484,868

 
8.2
 
2,975,255


Common Stock Subject to Repurchase
Historically under the 2005 Plan, the Company allowed employees to exercise options prior to vesting. The Company has the right to repurchase at the original purchase price any unvested (but issued) common shares upon termination of service of an employee. The consideration received for an early exercise of an option is considered to be a deposit of the exercise price and the related dollar amount is recorded as a liability. The shares and liability are reclassified into equity on a ratable basis as the award vests. The Company recorded a liability in accrued expenses of $46,000 and $70,000 relating to options for 16,402 and 33,396 shares of common stock that were exercised and unvested as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. These shares were subject to a repurchase right held by the Company and are included in issued and outstanding shares as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

Stock-based compensation expense related to options and restricted stock units granted to employees and nonemployees was allocated to research and development expense and sales, general and administrative expense as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Research and development
$
2,009

 
$
423

 
$
2,986

 
$
876

Sales, general and administrative
5,947

 
2,080

 
8,977

 
3,426

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
7,956

 
$
2,503

 
$
11,963

 
$
4,302


Employee Stock–Based Compensation
During the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company granted 2,129,375 and 499,454 stock options, respectively, to employees with a weighted average grant date fair value of $19.55 and $16.11, per share, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company granted 2,249,375 and 1,889,764 stock options, respectively, to employees with a weighted average grant date fair value of $19.69 and $10.14, per share, respectively. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, there were unrecognized compensation costs of $62.8 million and $30.9 million, respectively, related to these stock options. The Company expects to recognize those costs over a weighted average period of 3.4 years as of June 30, 2011. Future option grants will increase the amount of compensation expense to be recorded in these periods.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, 10,000 and 331,301 restricted stock units, respectively, were granted to employees with a weighted average service-inception date fair value of $26.50 and $30.19, respectively. A total of $0.8 million and $1.8 million, respectively, in stock compensation expense was recognized for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, for restricted stock units granted to employees. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, there were unrecognized compensation costs of $7.5 million and zero, respectively, related to these restricted stock units. There were no restricted stock units granted to employees during the three and six months ended June 30, 2010.

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Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)


Compensation expense was recorded for stock-based awards granted to employees based on the grant date estimated fair value (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Research and development
$
1,996

 
$
383

 
$
2,960

 
$
818

Sales, general and administrative
5,642

 
1,155

 
8,390

 
1,998

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
7,638

 
$
1,538

 
$
11,350

 
$
2,816


The Company sells ethanol and reformulated ethanol-blended gasoline procured from third parties and relies on contracted third parties for the transportation and storage of products. In the quarter ended June 30, 2011, the company commenced sales of farnesene derived products which are procured from contracted third parties. Accordingly, the Company does not have any dedicated production headcount so there is no stock compensation expense recorded in cost of product sales.

The Company estimated the fair value of employee stock options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of employee stock options is being amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards. The fair value of employee stock options was estimated using the following weighted-average assumptions:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Expected dividend yield
—%
 
—%
 
—%
 
—%
Risk-free interest rate
2.5%
 
2.90%
 
2.5%
 
2.8%
Expected term (in years)
5.9
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
6.0
Expected volatility
86%
 
98%
 
86%
 
98%

Expected Dividend Yield —The Company has never paid dividends and does not expect to pay dividends.

Risk-Free Interest Rate —The risk-free interest rate was based on the market yield currently available on United States Treasury securities with maturities approximately equal to the option’s expected term.

Expected Term —Expected term represents the period that the Company’s stock-based awards are expected to be outstanding. The Company’s assumptions about the expected term have been based on that of companies that have similar industry, life cycle, revenue, and market capitalization and the historical data on employee exercises.

Expected Volatility —The expected volatility was based on the historical stock volatilities of several of the Company’s publicly listed comparable companies over a period equal to the expected terms of the options, as the Company does not have a long trading history to use the volatility of its own common stock.

Fair Value of Common Stock — Prior to the IPO, the fair value of the shares of common stock underlying the stock options has historically been determined by the Board of Directors. Because there has been no public market for the Company’s common stock, the Board of Directors has determined fair value of the common stock at the time of grant of the option by considering a number of objective and subjective factors including valuation of comparable companies, sales of convertible preferred stock to unrelated third parties, operating and financial performance, the lack of liquidity of capital stock and general and industry specific economic outlook, amongst other factors. The fair value of the underlying common stock was determined by the Board of Directors until the IPO when the Company’s common stock started trading in the NASDAQ Global Market under ticker symbol AMRS on September 28, 2010. Consequently, after the IPO the fair value of the shares of common stock underlying the stock options is the closing price on the option grant date.
 
Forfeiture Rate —The Company estimates its forfeiture rate based on an analysis of its actual forfeitures and will continue to evaluate the adequacy of the forfeiture rate based on actual forfeiture experience, analysis of employee turnover behavior, and other factors. The impact from a forfeiture rate adjustment will be recognized in full in the period of adjustment, and if the actual number of future forfeitures differs from that estimated by the Company, the Company may be required to record adjustments to stock-based compensation expense in future periods.

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Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

Each of the inputs discussed above is subjective and generally requires significant management and director judgment to determine.

Nonemployee Stock–Based Compensation

During the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company granted nonemployee options to purchase zero and 10,000 shares, respectively, and, for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, zero and 35,000 shares, respectively, in exchange for services. Compensation expense of $248,000 and $115,000 was recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $473,000 and $190,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, for stock-based awards granted to nonemployees. The nonemployee options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.
During the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, there were no restricted stock units granted to nonemployees and a total of $70,000 and $850,000, respectively, in stock compensation expense was recognized for restricted stock units granted to nonemployees. For the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, 30,000 and 126,272 restricted stock units, respectively, were granted to nonemployees and a total of $139,000 and $1,296,000, respectively, in stock compensation expense was recognized by the Company. The 126,272 restricted stock units that were granted in 2010 were awarded to a related party as compensation for advisory services rendered. These restricted stock units vested quarterly and became fully vested as of September 30, 2010. 

The fair value of nonemployee stock options was estimated using the following weighted-average assumptions:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Expected dividend yield
—%
 
—%
 
—%
 
—%
Risk-free interest rate
2.5%
 
3.5%
 
2.7%
 
3.0%
Expected term (in years)
7.9
 
8.3
 
8.0
 
7.2
Expected volatility
86%
 
98%
 
86.5%
 
83%

12. Employee Benefit Plan

The Company established a 401(k) Plan to provide tax deferred salary deductions for all eligible employees. Participants may make voluntary contributions to the 401(k) Plan up to 90% of their eligible compensation, limited by certain Internal Revenue Service restrictions. The Company does not match employee contributions.

13. Related Party Transactions

The Company has entered into a license agreement with University of California, Berkeley. A co-founder and advisor to the Company is a professor at the University of California, Berkeley. The Company paid the advisor zero and $15,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

During 2008, the Company entered into an agreement with a venture capital group to provide strategic advisory services to Amyris and its then majority owned subsidiary Amyris Brasil. One of its former directors is also a member of the Company’s Board of Directors. Under the agreement, the Company issued options to the venture capital group, which vests and becomes exercisable based on the service of the former director of the group on the Company's Board of Directors(see Note 11).

On June 21, 2010, the Company entered into agreements with affiliates of Total S.A. relating to their purchase of the Company’s Series D preferred stock and collaboration for the research, development, production and commercialization of chemical and/or fuel products. Subject to the terms of the collaboration agreement between Total and the Company, Total has agreed to pay up to the first $50.0 million in future research and development costs for the selected projects; thereafter the parties will share such costs equally.
 
14. Restructuring

In June 2009, the Company initiated a restructuring plan to reduce its cost structure. The restructuring plan resulted in the consolidation of the Company’s headquarter facility located in Emeryville, California, which is under an operating lease. The Company ceased using a certain part of this headquarter facility in August 2009. The Company recorded approximately $5.4 million of restructuring charges associated with the facility lease costs after the operations ceased. In addition, as a result of the consolidation

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Table of Contents
Amyris, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – (Continued)

of the headquarter facility, the Company recorded approximately $3.1 million related to asset impairments and reversed $2.7 million related to deferred rent associated with the leased facility. In September 2010, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the Company’s plan to reoccupy the part of its headquarter facility which was previously the subject of the 2009 restructuring. This reoccupied space will be used to meet the Company’s expansion requirements. As a result, the Company reversed approximately $4.6 million of its restructuring liability and recognized an income from restructuring of $2.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2010.

15. Income Taxes

The Company recorded a benefit from income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 of $175,000 resulting from valuation allowance adjustments due to an increase in currency translation adjustments classified as other comprehensive income. Other than the above mentioned tax benefit, no provision for income taxes has been made, net of the valuation allowance, due to cumulative losses since the commencement of operations.

The Company is currently under audit by the US Internal Revenue Service for tax year 2008. As of June 30, 2011, the Company has not received an assessment with regard to this audit.


16. Reporting Segments

The chief operating decision maker for the Company is the Chief Executive Officer. The Chief Executive Officer reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis, accompanied by information about revenue by geographic region, for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance. The Company has one business activity and there are no segment managers who are held accountable for operations, operating results or plans for levels or components below the consolidated unit level. Accordingly, the Company has determined that it has a single reportable segment and operating unit structure.

Revenues by geography are based on the location of the customer. The following tables set forth revenue and long-lived assets by geographic area (in thousands):

Revenues
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
United States
$
28,867

 
$
12,702

 
$
65,358

 
$
26,357